The long run of Kawasaki’s Disease and Important Care For The Kawasaki Disease Patient health. Is a Special Diet Needed? Not so much as early diagnosis, treatment, and keeping the patient comfortable and looked after.
How to Treat Kawasaki Disease
Kawasaki disease can be treated with the right medications like any other illness. Depending on its seriousness, long-term care such as continued medication repeated testing, and limited physical activity may be required for the child affected by this disease.
If Kawasaki disease is treated early, heart damage and blood vessel will be prevented or minimized. There is a lesser risk of suffering from heart disease and aneurysms if, for example, kids with Kawasaki disease are treated within ten days after the initial signs of the disease. A cardiologist or a pediatrician is the best person who can attend and treat this. Acting quickly is vital!
Medications used in treating Kawasaki disease include aspirin, intravenous immunoglobulin, and anticoagulants.
Intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG)
IVIG is used to lessen the inflammation of blood vessels. It is usually given in one dose infused through a vein, for 8 to 12 hours. When IVG is used, the patient is usually required to spend time in the hospital for about 24 hours. This treatment works best if it is given to the patient before the tenth day of his/her fever. If a first dose is not able to reduce the fever and inflammation, a second IVG dose is therefore needed.
High-dose aspirin is initially given to ease fever and inflammation. If complications do not develop, smaller doses are given for two to three months to lower the possibility of blood clots, which is really dangerous. Since Kawasaki disease is very dangerous, aspirin should be given only under the guidance of a doctor. If the child develops chickenpox or flu (influenza) while taking aspirin or has been exposed to these diseases, a doctor must be consulted right away.
Anticoagulants may be given if the child has developed a large aneurysm. Similar to aspirins, anticoagulants also help prevent the formation of further blood clots.
Shortly after the initial treatment using anticoagulants, the child’s fever and inflammation usually improve. However, she/he may still suffer from irritability, loss of appetite, a state of lethargy. The child may also manifest deep lines across his or her fingernails— an illness referred to as Beau’s lines. It may take some weeks before the patient feels completely well.
If echocardiogram results are normal, further care may no longer be needed. However, if these test results show changes in the coronary arteries, the attending doctor may require long-term care of the disease. This care may include:
• Regular tests annually or every 3 to 5 years
• Consistent low-dose aspirin treatment or therapy
• Few physical activities
• Annual flu vaccine